|Shrimp is among 13 key agricultural products of Vietnam. — Photo congthuong.vn
The list includes rice, coffee, rubber, cashew nuts, pepper, tea, vegetables and fruit, cassava and cassava products, pork, meat and eggs, tra fish, shrimp, wood and wood products.
MARD said that many countries had identified their key agricultural products in order to encourage their development, but so far there hadn’t been a unified set of indicators to identify key agricultural products among countries.
Each country will select their key agricultural products based on their own natural and socio-economic conditions as well as their political and social security objectives.
According to MARD, there are four main groups of criteria that most countries use to identify their key agricultural products, including economic criteria, social criteria, environmental criteria, and the criteria of products prioritised for development.
The ministry said the promulgation of the list aimed to encourage investment into agriculture to improve product quality and competitiveness.
Earlier, MARD drafted a decree proposing 15 key agricultural products including the 13 mentioned above, as well as beef and ginseng.
Vietnam now ranks second in Southeast Asia in exporting agricultural products.
Last year, the country’s export revenues of agricultural products hit a record high of US$40.02 billion – the highest growth rate over the past seven years.
Specifically, the gross domestic product (GDP) of agriculture, forestry and fishery expanded by 3.76 per cent while the production value increased by 3.86 per cent. Of which, the export value of the key agricultural products had been on the rise, contributing to the high growth rate.
The 10 commodity groups with export turnover of over $1 billion continued to be maintained, of which five items posted a revenue of more than $3 billion, including wood and wood products ($8.86 billion), shrimp ($3.59 billion), fruit and vegetable ($3.81 billion), coffee ($3.46 billion) and cashew nuts ($3.43 billion).
The sector’s trade surplus increased from $7 billion in 2015 to $8.5 billion in 2017 and $8.72 billion in 2018, contributing sharply to balancing the country’s foreign currency reserves.
The global agricultural market in 2018 recorded a sharp decline in prices of industrial crops in the context of fierce competition among exporting countries, causing a rapid increase in supply while world demand decreased or increased slowly. Specifically, commodities seeing declines included coffee, rubber, pepper and cashew nuts. However, Vietnam still maintained a high export value thank to increasing export volume despite falling prices.
The export value of key agricultural products had been increased including rice, vegetables, tra fish, wood and forest products.
According to minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyen Xuan Cuong, the achievements were partly due to restructuring the sector, organising production by chain and bringing high technologies into production, especially key agricultural products.
The whole sector would strive to achieve a GDP growth rate of over 3 per cent, an increase of over 3.11 per cent in the production value and an export turnover of about $42-43 billion, he said.
To reach the targets, the ministry would continue to restructure the sector and boost production and processing, develop the consumption market for farm produce, and promote sustainable growth.
It would also develop the consumption market in the country as well as the export markets, actively implement trade promotion and effectively tap into the opportunities of free trade agreements (FTAs).